Global Forcible Displacement at Unprecedented High

The agency's Global Trend Report was published just ahead of World Refugee Day on Tuesday, illustrating several facts and figures about the current refugee crisis.

Devastating conflicts, violence and persecution in places like Syria and South Sudan left a record 65.6 million people uprooted from their homes by the end of 2016, the United Nations said Monday.

Syria's six-year civil war remained the largest single source of displacement, with 12 million people — around two-thirds of the population — either uprooted within the country of having fled overseas, the group said.

Most of the world's refugees come from Syria, with 5.5 million forced to flee the country in 2016.

These people are classified as internally displaced people.

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Second is displacement of people inside their own countries, whose numbers were 40.3 million at the end of 2016 compared to 40.8 million a year earlier.

Another 22.5 million people - half of them children - were registered as refugees previous year, the UNHCR report showed, "the highest level ever recorded". This is the highest number since the UNHCR started their yearly reports. In Germany, which vastly expanded its acceptance of people fleeing war from places like Syria, the number of refugees doubled to over 600,000 a year ago.

This huge imbalance reflects several things including the continuing lack of consensus internationally when it comes to refugee hosting and the proximity of many poor countries to regions of conflict. It's the second largest camp for displaced in the country, after the capital of Juba, with 120,000 people living in rows of tented squalor. By the end of that year, one in 113 people worldwide was displaced.

The number of people forcibly displaced from their homes is the highest since World War II.

It is a smaller increase than 2014-15, when the figure rose by five million, reports the BBC. Ongoing crises in sub-Saharan Africa have resulted in large and sudden population displacements, which results in neighboring countries opening their borders to those fleeing conflict. Major countries that produce refugees and IDPs are Syria, South Sudan, Iraq and Colombia due to wars and violence.

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"Living and working with refugees is not just the government", Dirk Hebecker, head of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees' Tokyo office, said at a symposium in the capital marking World Refugee Day.

In 2016, the Bidi Bidi camp in Uganda grew so much it's now the largest refugee camp in the world, giving shelter to more than 270,000 South Sudanese.

"As a refugee, I believe that I was very lucky to be accepted to Japan, and with Japanese people helping me out", a woman in her late 20s, who asked not to be named, said at the event.

Those rankings do not include the long-standing Palestinian population of roughly 5.3 million, but that figure is included in the total.

According to estimates, almost 86 per cent of all refugees in the country are women and children and Uganda is now the third largest refugee-hosting country in the world, after Turkey and Pakistan. About 3.3 million people were displaced, with 737,400 being externally displaced.

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